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Major Projects on Health & Hygiene

 

Mother NGO Scheme of Reproductive & Child Health (RCH) – Min. of Health & Family Welfare, Govt. of India recognized Shantidoot as a Mother NGO in 2001 – 02.

The organization identified and selected nine grassroots level NGOs (FNGOs) to implement the scheme in unserved/underserved areas of Sheikhpura District. Training of FNGO staffs, traditional birth attendants (TBAs), ANC/PNC camps, immunization camps, family planning camps, adolescent sexual health awareness trainings, general health awareness programmes, etc. were organized, technically guided, facilitated and monitored. Activities of the scheme, under Phase II of the scheme, are suspended in Bihar.

 

Mother NGO (IEC) Scheme of AYUSH (Previously Indian System of Medicine & Homeopath) – Min. of Health & Family Welfare, Govt. of India recognized Shantidoot as a Mother NGO in 2002 – 03.

The organization identified and selected four grassroots level NGOs (FNGOs) to implement the scheme in Begusarai, Sheikhpura and Nalanda Districts. The activities included training of FNGO staffs, facilitate, guide and monitor FNGOs for organization of training workshops for AYUSH practitioners, Health Melas, Yoga classes in Primary Schools, Awareness programmes for propagation and cultivation of locally available medicinal plants and availing benefits from traditional medical practices for seasonal diseases. Activities of the scheme were completed in 2006-07.  

 

  • Operationalization & Maintenance of Additional Primary Health Centres (APHC) – Funded by State Health Society Bihar, it was a pioneer project implemented in PPP mode in Bihar under NRHM. The Project was implemented in Begusarai and Sheikhpura Districts of Bihar in 2006-07.

Ten APHCs assigned to the organization were strengthened with infrastructure and provision of technical/non-technical staffs. The services included provision of basic health care services, free medicine, ANC/PNC checkups, primary tests for pregnancy and urine, facilitate immunization to pregnant females, children and register clients for tubectomy and vasectomy. Health services and IRC activities were also conducted in outreach areas of each centre through mobile medical vans.

 

  • Targeted Intervention (TI) Project for Truckers, FSWs and MSMs under NACP II – Bihar State AIDS Control Society provided financial and technical support to the organization from 2003-04 to June 2008 to implement the project. The project was implemented for a composite group of population vulnerable to HIV transmission – 10,000 truckers, 200 female sex workers (FSWs) and 50 men having sex with men (MSMs). The project activities were conducted on NH 31 and 82 and villages in its vicinity, from Biharsharif (Nalanda District) to Pachna (Sheikhpura District).

 

Between Feb. 2004 to June 2008, more than 30,000 truckers, 460 female sex workers and 58 MSMs benefitted from project activities. Analysis of feedbacks showed that knowledge of STDs and HIV/AIDS among truck drivers improved. But, treatment-seeking behaviour for STD and readiness for HIV test was still low. Use of condom was not regular but they accepted that they used it while for sex away from home. FSWs in the area were hidden and non-brothel based. Fear of police, social pressure, their mobile nature and working pattern made it difficult to keep track of their sexual behaviour. They understand the issue but express their helplessness when a client refused to use condom. Socio-cultural and behavioural attitude prevalent in Bihar prevented MSMs to explain their sexual practices openly. Mostly ‘hizras’ and truck helpers were identified as MSMs. Besides, workers in ‘dhabas’, line hotels, garages, etc. are also pressurized/exploited to make unnatural sex relationships.

 

With high level of poverty, illiteracy, large scale migration, early sex and marriage, very low level of health consciousness, awareness about HIV, condom, overwhelming rural population (89%), etc. and deficient health infrastructure in Bihar, there is an urgent need to involve people in a sort of movement against AIDS.

 

 

 

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